The handsmart group is an independent non-profit group of international clinicians working on a voluntary basis. Donations to the handsmart group are exempted from (U.S.) Federal Income Tax under IRS section 501 (c) 3 of the Internal Revenue Code. Our Federal Tax ID is 82-1410543.


The idea for forming this group was set by Birigit Bischof in 2015. In February 2016 twelve independent international experts met in Berlin, Germany and established a group for sharing resources of upper limb absence worldwide. Within this 2-day meeting the vision and mission were developed, the chair was elected and short- and long-term objectives were defined. Currently, the group has 13 core members working in 4 subgroups to address our objectives:


  • Network and Communication
  • Rehabilitation Resources for Children
  • Rehabilitation Resources for Adults
  • Financing and Formation